“It was not the feeling of completeness I so needed, but the feeling of not being empty.”


Jonathan Safran Foer is the author of two bestselling, award-winning novels, Everything Is Illuminated and Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close, and a bestselling work of nonfiction, Eating Animals. He lives in Brooklyn, New York.


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1 Elements of Art


I might have put the horse before the cart by writing about critique before the elements, principles, and rules of composition.  The truth is I did that because I started the project 52 group.  Where we are creating an image a week for the entire year.  My intention was to help that group along in helping, assisting, and encouraging each other, in their weekly critique efforts. 


There are elements that we as photo artists employ in our art.  We use these elements whether we know it or not.   These are things like lines that contain space to create a form, or texture, or help direct the viewer’s eye.  In this next series of articles, we will direct our attention firstly to the elements of art then the principles of art and then finally to rules of composition.  Each of these will probably be a series onto themselves. 


I would like to cover some things that are generally considered in the vision, creating, executing and evaluation of art.  These are components of art across the board.  No matter the medium, drawing, painting, sculpture, and even photography.  Whether intentional or incidental, the artist is using these elements. 


I should point out that up till now we could apply these thoughts to writing, music, painting, anything that we might create.  But here discussing elements of art, we are addressing visual arts. 

I mentioned some of these earlier in the section titled critique.  I’ll list them here and then discuss them briefly and individually, then devote an article to each one. We have lines, shapes or forms, color, tone, texture, and perspective or scale.


The elements of art are the foundations; the building blocks on which we create.  A strong foundation will always support a sound vision.  They are the ingredients of which we build our vision. As we work though these elements look to see how you have used them in the past and try to apply them to your future images.   



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It’s your vision


We all have our own creative direction.  Our favorite styles, preferences, and inclinations.  I’m a member of a couple of photo clubs, I moderate 2 Facebook groups online.  I’m always aware and surprised by the diversity of the people that participate, their interests, and subject matter.  For me, I love surrealistic art.  Things that make me question reality.  Juxtaposing things together that don’t necessarily belong together and challenge my imagination.  Make me see things in a different way.  By contrast, there are several members that will only photograph realism, birds, flowers, landscapes.  There is one gentleman that almost exclusively photographs eagles.  If it doesn’t look like how we see it, then they would say it’s not photography.  


You may like fantasy or abstract photography, taking license to load up on photo manipulation, postprocessing, trickeries, and tomfoolery; do folks really still use that word.  On the other hand, you might like nature, documentary, or you may love realism.  Truth in image.  No extreme photo manipulation, no composites, nothing that doesn’t represent what the eye would see if you were standing there in person.  Better yet you might mix any of these in any combination and come up with your own version.  This will ultimately lead to your personal style.  More on that in another series. 


 Always, and I mean always – remember, that this is your vision.  You have your concepts and ideas for what it is you are looking to create.  It’s to that goal that any critique or constructive criticism should be considered.  Be true to your vision and yourself. 


I have a friend that while he loves photoshop and photo manipulation, will always point out that I don’t always use my own images.  Now don’t get me wrong, if I use an element created by someone else I say so.  If I’m taking a class and don’t have something that will work with that technique that I’m studying, I’ll find something in the creative commons that will.  Then when I post it for critique, I say so.  For me it’s the difference between being able to try something and learning or not learning that technique. 


I want to learn!


So, every time he says something along those lines I politely remind him that I know his feelings on it but I’m trying to learn this or that.  Then I ask, how does this or that look?  And the conversation continues and I get the feedback I’m looking for. 


So, with that said, embrace the process and move forward.  Learn, teach, share and accept.  You now have in front of you the new and improved version or your art.  You love it.  It looks phenomenal, better than you ever thought it could. 


Now what?  It’s time to move on.  Onto the next project, the next picture.  The next critique.  The next vision.  It’s about vision.  What do you see as the next project to put out there?  Keep a running list of things to be working on.  It shouldn’t be one and done.  While you have one online being critiqued, be working on at least one or two others.  I always have a couple of things in the works at one time.  At different stages of progress and completion.  I also have one or two out for C&C that I’m working on as well.  This seems to be a pretty good pace to be working at.  It keeps me busy but not overwhelmed. 


Like always it’s time to keep moving forward. Forward in your creative journey.  Your vision.  Your dream.  Your creativity.  Good luck on your trip into the inner vision and pursuit of your muse.  Keep her happy and stay in touch with her.

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“Above all, life for a photographer cannot be a matter of indifference”


-Robert Frank 

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How to receive criticism


So, we are shooting lots of pictures.  We are pouring ourselves into our work.  We’ve created a safe environment and are open to others ideas, suggestions, comments, and their recommendations.  We are posting our pictures for constructive criticism, feedback, and critique.  We’re asking questions and specifics as well as sharing our difficulties that we had during our workflow.  And OH, MY GOD, SOMEONE COMMENTED!  Now what?


Well, a good place to start, is think about it.  Roll it around in your mind.  Give it serious consideration.  Try to picture it in your mind’s eye.  Visualize it.  Then give it that same critical thinking process that we talked about in the article about that subject.  It works both ways, for offering critique as well as evaluating critique.  Ask yourself questions about the critique.  Is this person genuine?  Does he or she have a valid point?  Are they offering something that’s obvious?  Something that might stem from the basic rules of composition, color theory, exposure triangle, or some other photography basics?  In a word, what I’m trying to say is “Reception”. 


So be honest with it and with yourself.  This is what it’s all about.  Where we push ourselves past our comfort zone, and in so doing initiate personal growth.  Opening ourselves to that vulnerability that we spoke about earlier.  Embrace this part of the process.  It’s what we’ve been aiming for. 


Now, that you’ve asked these questions and thought about it and pictured it, take another look at your work.  Double check it.  Do you see what they see?  Even if you don’t agree with it.  Do you see it?  Could it work that way?  Get your camera out again, or sit down in front of your computer and try it.  Don’t just think about it, picture it, or ask questions about it.  DO IT! Do it, because it’s the only way you’re going to know for sure.  When you try a different exposure, or another process in Photoshop it opens your mind to be more objective; because you’ve giving it time and effort.  This puts you in the position of choosing between the two items that you are invested in.  Your original work and the one you just invested time and energy into.


This might be a good time to say that we should only try one suggestion at a time.  If you go in and try five different things and don’t like it, will you be able to objectively say that all five of these ideas failed?  Probably not.  But taking things one step at a time you can make objective decisions for each one.  Then you can apply some or all of these things that you’ve learned.  Not only for this work but hopefully retained for all future work as well.  This is the growth we spoke about.  This is where that happens. 


Once you’ve tried it take your original work and the new reworked piece and look at them side by side. Compare them, and start again with the questions.  Is this an improvement?  Did it accomplish what the reviewer said it would do?  Now is the time to decide.  Did this work for you or not?  Either way engage the person that the critique.  Open that conversation, and watch the learning process continue.  As you and he or she, converse back and forth, they will have a better idea of what you wanted to accomplish.  You will get some insight into what they were seeing in your work, and why they were trying to help with a particular aspect of your work.  And more often than not you both come away with a better understanding of all things photographic. 

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Hey Folks, a good friend Nanci is having a show in Carbondale Pa next month.

Here is the event that I created to help get some momentum behind it. If you are here in NEPA and don’t mind passing this along, please share it on your Facebook page, websites, with anyone you think will enjoy it. Her work is awesome and I’m excited to see it myself. Hope to see you on there


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I just finished watching “American Masters” episode for Dorothea Lange.  I’ve always been a fan of hers.  Knowing the scope of her work, with the depression era, FSA, the Japanese internment camps, poverty in America, and in her later years traveled internationally documenting people abroad. 

Then this quote came across my computer, and I felt an urge to find a direction.  A need to combine my life with my creativity.  A simpler life.  I hope you find some inspiration in these words for your life. 


“Faith is why I’m here today and faith is why I believe I can achieve something in my life.”

Jonathan Anthony Burkett


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More considerations for critique


A great place to start is to find the things that you like. The positive things. Things that are supportive, encouraging, and reassuring. Even if it’s a little thing, find positivity.


Then talk about the things that might need to be discussed for improvement, further development. Or anything else that might need to be figured out for the advancing of the artist. Don’t overwhelm the person. If need be, limit yourself to a few main points.


Then to wrap it up, always finish the discussion on a positive note. Whether that’s improvements that you’ve observed or a positive goal that you’ve settled on. Whatever it is, you don’t want to brow beat the person into the abyss of creative failure. Rather you want to encourage them up their unique creative mountain to find personal achievements and freedom.


Try turning negatives into positives. For example, rather than saying “you have this branch coming out of nowhere, why would you take this picture” (that’s a real line someone used at a critique meeting one night). Turn it around and say, “wouldn’t this look better without this branch here?” Or perhaps better yet, ask them “do you think this would look better without this branch coming in from the side of the frame?” If you can enable the person to identify their mistakes it will be better received.


Don’t attack the person. And I mean don’t attack the person. We’re critiquing art, not people, it’s not personal. Make sure you focus on their work, not their person. Don’t allow your personal feeling about someone cloud your objectivity. Keep to the plan. And always be sympathetic and understanding. My mother always told me you catch more flies with honey than vinegar.


Be specific with what you are trying to communicate. If everyone played by the guidelines here, they asked for specifics, and that’s what you should address. Look for things that the person can engage with. Offer actionable suggestions, steps to lead toward what you see needs improvement. Talk about possible goals that will aide in their improvement. Something to look for in the next efforts. This will give a good direction and help establish achievable, and attainable results.


When setting goals and in all interactions with others take their ability into consideration. We’re not all at the same place. And we all have a tendency to compare our work to what other folks are posting and sharing; especially online. This tends to be their best, the best of their best. While we’re looking at the 100 attempts it took for us to get that one image, if we got it. That shot that we envision in our creative minds eye. More often than not, we don’t stop to think that someone probably took 100 of their own efforts to get that one you’re comparing to.


Always keep it in mind that this is your photography, your art, what you envision. It should be fun, inspirational and something you look forward to. Embrace the process and it always will be.

Critique 8

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We should all live behind the golden spectacles everyday.

Living in that childish wonder is a most beautiful feeling – I can so well remember it. There was always something more – behind and beyond everything – to me, the golden spectacles were very, very big.

Kate Greenaway

Children’s book illustrator and writer Kate Greenaway (born March 17, 1846) drew little boys and girls dressed in fashions popular a century earlier. Her drawings were used as inspiration for a line of children’s clothes by the fashion label Liberty.

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I’ve had a book that I bought from amazon, and was disappointed in it when I first opened it.  It’s called “Inner Excavation” and sat in my kindle library probably over a year now. It just seemed like a second rate book with second rate exercises.  The same exercises applied several ways in several applications.  I was bored one night and came across it yet again.  I bet if you could look at my kindle’s download history that this book has been downloaded and removed from my device several times.  I have been working through this book a little bit at a time.  You know what they say’ “never judge a book by its cover”.  While I’m not sure that the examples and narrative are great writing.  I’ve found the exercises to be very enlightening.  They offer a clear opportunity to reflect on who I am and what I’m doing.  I think it was Aristotle that said, “we are what we repeatedly do”.  


So with all that said, I took the interview that she used over and over and answered the questions myself.  I thought that this would be a good exercise and insight to where I’m at, and what I do.  Below is the result.  Probably not the most exciting read, but you might want to take the questions and answer them yourself and see what you are like.



Q: Who am I?  


A: I am a creative.  A chef.  A people person.  I find satisfaction in sharing these things with people.  These things come together at work.  I’m surrounded by energetic college students who are full of life and see the world as a vision of possibilities.  I think I try to connect to that.  I spend my day offering hellos and smiles to everyone that passes by.  I do my best to offer a quality product and make the customers that I serve feel appreciated and valued.   


I think there is a part of me that needs that because I am so tired.  I’m an aging body who still thinks he should be able to do the things that he’s always done.   I’m physically tired.  I’m tired of not finding a career that will support me in even a modest lifestyle.  I’m tired of always feeling like I’ve let my family down.  I’m tired of always hoping the answer is just around the corner, or that this new effort will make things ok.  


I’m an ego who allows his appetites get the best of him 


I’m a soul who has weaved in and out of this life, just squeezing by.  Caring and loving for others but never really feeling like I’ve been found,  accepted or understood.  Dancing from one end of the seesaw to the other.  Rising and falling, as I move from the balance of the middle to the outer edges.   


I’m in need of finding balance and security.  I’m a seeker,  who has never really found the answers he’s looking for.   


Q: Who or what inspires me? 


A: I find inspiration all around me.  I find it in people,  music, art and photography,  what I read and in my surrounding environment.  I often find it in empty places.  Buildings and abandoned complexes, I’ve adopted the term urban explorer.  I find inspiration in nature and on the side of the road, museums and historical locales.  I think that inspiration comes more as a frame of mind rather than the muse that artists seem to find so evasive.   


As to specifics…  


Artist – I find the surrealists really an amazing art form.  Rodin in sculpture, Monet, Van Gogh are a couple of classic painters.  Brooke Shaden and folks in my photoshop artistry class for photography.   


Music – Blues, classic rock, Motown, Pink Floyd, Jefferson Airplane, Cream, Eric Clapton, BB King, Buddy Guy, The Temptations.  This list can go on and on… 


Authors – Of recent David DuChemin, Steven Pressfield, Twyla Thwarp.  More from the fiction side of things, George RR Martin, Caleb Carr, Andrew Levkoff.  Just to name a few. 


Q: How do I nurture myself? 


A: It depends, I find I have several ways to foster nourishment.  Generally, twice a week I go out and write.  One night at the bar and have dinner and a couple of beers and I sit there and write for my website,  or just for myself.   Then usually do the same thing at a café on either Sat or Sun.  I’ll have a cup of coffee and some breakfast and spend my day writing.   


I have two groups that I organize.  One is a photography club.  In which we meet every other week.  Working through a book or video series, assignments and projects, and critiquing each other’s work.  Which brings me to the second group.  It’s online and I call it Project 52.  This is a group of photographers that have committed to take on a project a week for the entire year.  I’m nurtured with these groups in that I am constantly learning and organizing information for and from them.  Thus, keeping me refreshed and on my toes.   


I also have been able to start to create a small but strong social circle.  A group of friends that have similar interests and an appreciation of the creative life.  We tend to get together once a month for the first Friday of the month where we go to the gallery openings and look at art.  It’s not quite the artists date that Julia Cameron talks about in her book “The Artist’s Way” but I find it serves the same purpose in a group dynamic.    


Oh and last but not least I take several classes online, for photography, Photoshop and a mixed media class.  This last is an effort to expand my vision and abilities.   


Q: How did I find my creative voice? 


A: In a way, I found it early and in another way, I’m just finding it now.   


It was very clear to me early on in my life that I was drawn to photography and creativity.  I didn’t have any natural talent that enabled me to draw or paint.  But photography was a good balance of interests.  Science, chemistry, technology and creativity they all seemed to work for me.   


But with all that said, I always seem to feel like I’m just identifying my voice.  That I have something to say, but never really putting a finger on it.  I find vision and creative efforts and pursuits but don’t seem to be able to identify a theme, topic, or subject matter to take a stand on.   

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Still life photography is a genre of photography used for the depiction of inanimate subject matter, typically a small group of objects. It is the application of photography to the still life artistic style.  I can’t help but think of the classic fruit in a bowl, or candlesticks with vegetables and a pheasant or a couple of fish.  I guess it’s the original foodie pictures. But this is certainly not limited to food, flowers, clothing; any everyday object can work here.  The idea is to create a pleasing arrangement of items with some sort of theme and capture an image that represents the impression, sentiment, and feeling  that they invoke or that you are trying to create. 

This is week seven of my “Project 52” and as usual, I’ve included the tips and such that I shared with other members of the group.  Above is the image that I submitted and interspersed are a couple of galleries that have some of the other images that I took.  


Picture 1 of 4

Tips, Tricks & Suggestions

  • The usual aperture, shutter speed, DOF, tripod are always going to pay a part in your projects

  • Pick a theme for yourself. Select a theme and gather a few items that fit that theme. 

  • Try arranging them in a number of different ways. Height and relationship to the different elements will help give different things prominence and notoriety. 

  • Pay attention to the light. Highlights and shadows will define the mood of your picture

  • You can also use a reflector or second light source to add light into the shadows to help create a lighter mood.

  • Use desk lamps or some sort of light that you can move easily.

  • You can also take everything outside or use window light.

  • Select the background and floor (or whatever is under your elements) as they will add to the mood and style of your image.


Picture 1 of 5

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Before and After

I’m sitting here in a café, drinking coffee and writing for one of the “Project 52” themes; “Before and After”.  And I came across this page of a student photographing people before and after they are told that they are beautiful.  


I can’t believe how this has resonated with me; on a number of levels.  I work at the University of Scranton in food service and come across lots of people every day.  I try to be polite, personable and respectful to each and every one that crosses my path.  Whether that’s a simple hello, how are you today, remembering someone’s order or whether they had a test and asking how they did.  I want to connect with everyone that crosses my path.  I mention this only to say that I’ve been challenged in how I look at people.  People around me, people in my family, people I come in contact with.  People in general.  


In my research for this article that I’m writing, I came across this video and it echoes my recent thoughts of dealing with and how I handle people every day.  There are some young men that work with me and they have a signal.  When they see, what they feel is a pretty girl, they send each other this signal telling each other to check this one out.  It reminds me of when I was 15 trying to find a date or girlfriend and all I was interested in was how women looked. Looked by the standards set by peer pressure, society, commercialism, and what society set up as the highest standard.  I was so superficial and materialistic, I have had a hard time reconciling that me with who I am today. 


So this all really started with a quote from the movie “The Last Samurai”.  As a photographer, I’ve spent many days photographing the cherry blossoms in spring.  When I was growing up in New York, the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens has an incredible cherry blossom festival that I still try to get back to every once and a while.  Trying to find that perfect one, is like looking for the needle in the haystack. And I’ve spent a lot of time looking for cherry blossoms. The quote from the movie is from Katsumoto and his comment about the pursuit of the perfect cherry blossom


“The perfect blossom is a rare thing. You could spend your life looking for one, and it would not be a wasted life.”


I mention these things because from the age of about 14 to 30 we start to look for a partner and exploring relationships, and our place in the world.  At this point in my life, I was to busy looking at the wrong things.  I’ve often felt like I missed this at that formative point in my life.  With several long-term relationships and one marriage behind me, it seems like my priorities are so different now. 


While I’m not involved with anyone physically or in any other way; I’ve come to realize that I can just be content with who I am and accept those around me for who they are.  In a way, this gives me the freedom to connect with people on different levels.  I’m glad I can have relationships on a deeper level, a connection that I think is truer to who I am.  A connection of interests, and pursuits, an ability to listen and learn from each other.  A bond that encourages each to be the best person they can be.



I don’t want to say that physical attraction doesn’t count.  What I’ve come to realize is that there is beauty in each and everyone one of us.  We just need to see it. This is evident in Katsumoto’s dying realization


 “Perfect. They… are all… perfect.”


While it saddens me that it took 50 plus years to figure this out I’m glad I’m not on my death bed.  Watch this video and see if it doesn’t strike a chord in your heart. We are all different and we are all perfect.  That’s the definition of diversity.  Perfection in our uniqueness.  Please, please, please, learn to be tolerant and accepting of those you come in contact with.  Whether they are just passing through your life or a big part of your life.  


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I may not have gone where I intended to go, but I think I have ended up where I needed to be.

Douglas Adams (born March 11, 1952) first came up with the idea for The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy when he was traveling around Europe—inspiration struck when he was lying in a field in Austria, drunk. So long, and thanks for all the fish!

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So here it is.  The moment of truth.  The meat of all the bones we’ve chewed on the last few weeks.  It’s in light of everything that we’ve talked about, the principles that we’ve learned, the intentions that we’ve set, that we now look at the approach of critique.  This is an old approach, that is covered in art schools, museum tours, scholarly books, book clubs, and anywhere else an evaluation of someone’s creativity is discussed. 

Remember, we all want critique, feedback or constructive criticism.  No matter what you call it the goal is to get better, learn and improve in our craft. 

So there tend to be a few ways that people respond to a work and call critique.  There is the what I’m going to call the “Facebook critique”.  “WOW, Great capture”, “that’s beautiful, you should go pro”, “love it” and on and on I could go.  If you post on social media you’re more than familiar with these comments.  The truth is that these folks are just letting you know that they saw you on their feed while on the way to Aunt Bea’s.  This might make you feel good.  Having a million likes on a photo would look great; it’s just not helpful.  It offers nothing for you to grapple with and ponder or challenge you to get better. 

Next, there are those that are going to offer advice or direction.  Let’s call this “critique disguised”.  They often sound like this, “this is good but I would have shot a little to the left”.  Again, this is just not useful in any way.  They don’t know if there was a 5,000 foot drop to the left.  There is no explanation as to why they would shoot there.  Nor is there an explanation to why they are suggesting it.  They offer an approach without discussing the why’s and how’s and specifics. 

This is where the conversation comes in.  This is the meat right here.  It’s these questions, that come because of the critical thinking we talked about in the last article.  These will initiate the conversation that comes with those questions that will challenge us, force us to grow, outside our comfort zone.  They will ask us to challenge what we did and why?

How do we do this?  Firstly, look at the work and see what you see.  A literal description of the work at hand.  Is it a seashell.  Then recognize that.  This shell is the subject.  A mountain and lake, it’s a landscape.  An older couple, it’s a portrait of some sort.  Colors reflected in the water, it is an abstract.  You get the idea.

Next, scrutinize the work, this might be a little bit of a harsh word.  Because, it implies dissection, analysis, and intense examination.  But that’s okay, It’s a good thing.  Study it, explore it, consider what’s in front of you.  Start with the intangible qualities.  Where is, your eye drawn?  Is it to the subject?  Is there something distracting your eye?  Look for proportion, lines, balance, forms, texture, shapes, patterns, repetition, rhythm, movement within the composition. Do you see these elements?  What do they bring to the image?  

Move on to the technical aspects photography.  Exposure, DOF, rules of composition, like the rule of thirds, or the golden mean.  Look at contrast, colors, saturation, luminance, color, and vibrance.  Consider the shadows and highlights, are there details there?  Should there be?  Consider what choices the photographer might have made within the frame.  Does it communicate a thought, idea, feeling, concept?  The entire premise about critical thinking was to ask questions.  So, ask away. 

Now it’s time to come up with an evaluation, an opinion to take a position.  Take the answers to everything you took away from the above process and form a fair, logical, cohesive evaluation.  Come up with gentle comments of encouragement, improvement and open-ended questions, in preparation for the conversation that’s to take place.  Focus on the artist’s intention and be helpful, informative and encouraging. 

Then engage the artist.  Talk through your thoughts, and see if what you are thinking helps or hinders the creator of the work that you are critiquing.  It’s not a problem if after discussing your ideas that you come to understand your idea couldn’t have been implemented.  Acknowledge that and move on.  If you are trying to share a photoshop technique offer to sit down with the person and show them or do a skype session to show them.  Ask permission to download their picture and process it and then repost it to show them what you’re talking about.  It’s in the showing and trying that we will improve, and grow. 

There is an added benefit of working through this process with people.  That is we break through the barriers the were between us and build trust and interest in each other’s work.  We come to understand what this particular artist’s work is like, what their style is like, and personal preferences.  We become confidants and trusted sounding boards.  

Critique 7

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Critical Thinking 


The ultimate goal here is to have an interaction about your baby, your work of love.  This conversation should lead to ideas, suggestions, and improvements in not only the individual piece of art you are discussing but in your creative journey.  This evaluation of your work is going to involve you expressing your thoughts with someone who has other thoughts.  You both need to start utilizing some critical thinking.   


When I first heard this term, I started researching it and came up with some pretty intense and deep articles, ideas, scholarly works that, quite frankly were beyond my comprehension skills.  Papers from ivory league schools, psychological research, educational information and the kicker for me was the philosophic Socratic approach.   


So, in the words of Lynyrd Skynyrd, “be a simple kind of man oh, be something you love and understand”; so I’m showing my age here.   Maybe in writing this series of articles I’m realizing that I’m not a critical thinker.  But I’m going to try to simplify it anyway.  Okay, here it goes.  You ready?  Ask questions! That’s it!  Find something to talk about, with another person. Talk about your work and their work.  Look for information, answers and solutions. These last three need to be facts from trustworthy sources.  Or come up with a counter argument if you feel it’s needed.  Be honest about facts, and avoid your preconceived ideas and opinions.   


I think that’s it.  I’m sure you know the acronym, KISS?  Keep it simple smarty!  Ok so I made that up, because stupid just didn’t seem right after all that talk about being gentle. 

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